This is a semi otonomous region of Tanzania in East Africa about 25-50 kms off the coast of the main land with candid islands and two large ones i.e Unguja and Pemba as well as the Zanzibar archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The capital city is called Zanzibar city situated on Unguja island with its historic center being stone Town. The main industries in the country are spices, raffia and tourism with cloves, cinnamon, black pepper and nutmeg being the main produce in the regions around the country. The word Zanzibar means the land of Blacks referring to the dark skin of the inhabitants. The main language spoken in the country is Swahili with the Bantu as well as Arabs and Indians. Other languages spoken include; French, Arabic and Arabic. The most prominent religion in the country is Islam despite the fact that Christianity is minor.
Being one of the Indian Ocean Islands, the city is located along the Swahili coast overlooking the vast beautiful Tanzania with the Northern most point of the Unguja island being at 5.72°South and 39.30° East, with the southernmost point at 6.48° South, 39.51° East. The country has coastal forests i.e the Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic which expands from southern Somalia through coastal Kenya to southern Tanzania consisting of islands i.e Zanzibar and Pemba as well as the Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic that stretches from southern Tanzania along the Mozambique coast to the mouth of the Limpopo. The major National Park in the country is called Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park with numerous game reserves as well and these include; Ngezi Forest Reserve, Kiwengwa/Pongwe Forest Reserve, Kidike Root Site and Zala Park, Ngezi Forest Reserve, Kiwengwa/Pongwe Forest Reserve, Kidike Root Site and Zala Park. There are those that preserve the country’s natural resources for example Chumbe Marine Park, Mnemba Marine Park, Misali Marine Park, Menai Marine Park, Tumbatu Island, Chapwani Island and Changuu Island.
The country experiences a climate and weather conditions that are close to those of Tanzania which is humid with consistent rainy seasons in the mainland of Tanzania. The rainy seasons in the country take place in the months of March, April and May with afternoon pours that occur almost any day as well as high humidity and temperatures that stretch to about 30°. The long dry season when rainfall is unusual happens in the months of June, July, August, September as well as October with temperatures that vary according to altitude and location. Another short rainy season occurs in the months of November and December. February is the hottest month with an average temperature of 28°C (82°F) with the coldest month being July with 24°C (75°F) with sunshine that takes place in December. The wettest month is April with an average precipitation of 401 mm
The vegetation of the country is floral with coastal forests of East Africa as well as numerous fauna including candid animals, butterflies, leopard and birds. There are forests with high and low canopy forest, carog rag and mangroves which inhabit numerous wildlife species that are endemic like the red tailed colobus monkeys. The most prominent agricultural products in the country are cloves, spices, coconut palms etc.
There are numerous safari attractions around the country and these include;