Lake Albert is located in the center of the continent, on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Lake Albert is the northernmost of the chain of lakes in the Albertine Rift, the western branch of the East African Rift.
Lake Albert is part of the complicated system of the upper Nile. Its main sources of water are the Victoria Nile ultimately coming from Lake Victoria to the southeast, and the Semliki River, which issues from Lake Edward to the southwest. The water of the Victoria Nile is much less saline than that of Lake Albert.
Lake Albert is a typical Rift Valley lake lying between two parallel escarpments. The main inflow is at the south end via the Semliki River which comes from Lake Edward through the western edge of the great Ituri rain forest. Most of the lateral inflows into the lake from the escarpments are seasonal and contribute very little since their catchments are small.
The water of the Victoria Nile is much less saline than that of Lake Albert. It has therefore been possible to demonstrate by conductivity measurements that even in times of floods the river water does not affect the lake.