Also referred to as the Republic of Mozambique, the country is situated in the South Eastern part of Africa bordered by the vast stunning Indian Ocean in the East, Malawi and Zambia in the North West, Tanzania in the North, Zimbabwe in the West, Swaziland and South Africa in the South west and is split from Madagascar by the Mozambique channel in the East. The vast and busiest capital city is called Maputo and was known as Lourenço Marques before independence. The country gained independence in 1975 then was referred to as the people’s Republic of Mozambique and is among the poorest and undeveloped countries with rich natural resources with most dependency on agriculture producing food and beverages. South Africa is the country’s trading partner and a source of direct foreign exchange.
Located on the East coast of Southern Africa, the country has a tropical climate with two various seasons i.e a wet season in the months of October to March then a dry season from April to September. The coastline of the country stretches from 26° 52′ S to 10° 40′ S then from South to North the coastline stretches to the East. It has a length of 1,430 miles (2,300 km) with 40 miles (64 km) North of South Africa then proceeding further towards the Delagoa Bay. The River Zambezi flows towards the North with a wide delta gushing its waters into the Ocean. There are numerous islands and these include Mozambique as well as bays like Conducia Bay, Fernao Veloso Bay and Memba Ba. In general, the Northern part of the country has numerous aligned islands, bays, as well as rugged cliffs where as the south consists of a low coastline that comprises of sandy vegetation terrain and swamps of the East African Mangroves. The harbors around the region are poor and minor.
The country has a tropical climate with two different seasons i.e the wet which happens in the months of October to March and the dry season tat takes place in the months of April to September and the conditions are different depending on the altitude. The rainfall received at the coast is more compared to that in the North and South with annual precipitation that differs from 500 to 900 mm (19.7 to 35.4 in) with an average of 590 mm (23.2 in) depending on the region. The average temperatures in the capital city i.e Maputo range from 13 to 24 °C (55.4 to 75.2 °F) in July to 22 to 31 °C (71.6 to 87.8 °F) in February.
The vegetation around the country includes numerous types i.e dry forest, swamp forest, grassland, wetland and estuarine systems hence increasing the numbers of both floral and faunal diversity. The country is known to be depopulated in the Southern part of Maputo with large scale afforestation in the area. In the South of the country, the vegetation is also dry forest with grassland with coastal mangroves as well as swamps, palms, tropical rain forests and beaches.
Attractions in Mozambique
Lake Malawi; transfer to explore the beautiful Lake Malawi also referred to as Nyasa while on safari vacation in Mozambique. The Lakse is vast enough spanning across borders of different countries like Tanzania and Malawi. IN Mozambique, this is referred to as Lago Niassa and has a length of 360.4 mi, surface elevation of 1,640′, and an area of 11,429 mi². The islands along the lake include; Likoma Island, Chizumulu Island and the fish caught here are Kampango, Redbreast tilapia.
Island of Mozambique; this lies along the Northern coast of the country and adjoins to the mainland by a bridge with Portuguese colonial buildings in Stone Town and half of the Northern region of the Island including the Chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte. The island includes numerous sand beaches with very many tourist destinations with a stable population of 14,000 people. Close to the island is Fort of São Sebastião which has lasted since the 16th-century as well as the Palace of São Paulo which is the known to be a former governor’s home with a museum. In the south of the island are aligned Thatched-roof Macuti houses.
Quirimbas Islands; this situated in the vast beautiful blue Indian Ocean away in the North Eastern part of Mozambique near Pemba which is the capital of Cabo Delgado province. Close are 32 islands that are archipelago and some of these include Ibo, Matemo, Medjumbe, Quirimba, Metundo, Quisiva, Vamizi Island, Rolas Island stretching towards the Tanzanian border. There is also a National Park which consists of coral reefs, water with numerous dolphins, whales, rare dugongs with Secluded Matemo, Medjumbe and Vamizi islands with long beaches and dive sites where travelers go to experience being underneasth the waters of the Ocean.
Gorongosa National Park; situated in the far southern point of the Great African Rift Valley at the center of Mozambique covering an area of 4000 km2 with a valley floor and enfolding plateaus. Numerous rivers originate from within the Mountain seasonally flooding the valley with different soil types hence making various ecosystems. The vegetation around the park comprises of grasslands that are aligned with savanna, acacia trees, dry forests on sand, termite hill thickets and seasonally rain filled pans.