Malawi is a land locked country situated in the South Eastern part of Africa bordering Zambia in the North West, Mozambique in the East, South and West, Tanzania to the North East. The country occupies an area of of more than 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) with a population of 16,777,547 people with four different cities i.e Lilongwe which is the largest, Blantyre as the second, Mzuzu the third and Zomba as the fourth. The country is occupied by the Nyanja People and the country is also referred to as the Warm Heart of Africa. The country is one of the smallest countries in Africa with the prominent Lake Malawi which occupies a third of the whole area of the country. The country is under the government of president Arthur Peter Mutharika and among the least developed countries in Africa depending heavily on agriculture with the majority of the population being rural. The country has a low life expectancy rate with high rates of infant mortality.
Being a land locked country in the South Eastern Part of Africa, the country is within the tropics from about 9°30S at its northernmost point to 17°S at the southernmost point covering a candid piece of land between Zambia and Mozambique extending further South into Mozambique along the Shire valley. The country is joined by the rail to the Mozambican ports Nacala and Beira between the latitudes of 9° and 18°S, and longitudes 32° and 36°E. The East African Great Rift Valley traverses the country from North to South then East towards Lake Malawi which occupies almost a third of the country approximately 365 miles (587 km) long and 52 miles (84 km) wide. The country also has the shire river which flows Southwards where it meets River Zambezi till Mozambique. There are also Mountainous areas that are enfolded by the Rift Valley with plateaus that elevate to about 3,000 to 4,000 ft (914 to 1,219 m) ASL then the shire highlands that are gently rolling at about 3,000 feet (914 m) ASL. There are also the Zomba and mulanje Mountain Peaks that elevate to heights of 7,000 and 10,000 ft (2,134 and 3,048 m). The major busy town of the country is Lilongwe where as the commercial center is Blantyre with a population of about 500,000 people.
The country has sub tropical climate which is dry and very seasonal with the low lying areas in the South of the country and temperate in the Northern Highlands and the altitude as well hence making it look like Equatorial climate. In between the months of April and November the temperatures of the country are warm with equatorial rains and thunderstorms and heavy storms in late March. The rainfall around most regions around the country reduces then from May to September wet mist covers most of the highlands then to the plateaus.
The country’s most areas are covered by Savannah woodland as well as evergreen forests which are usually lying in the plentiful in areas that are water logged for example the river valleys, Mountains, with grasslands in the higher plateau areas. The country benefits fully on cash crop and subsistence agriculture with small land holdings and vast tea and tobacco estates.
Attractions in Malawi
Liwonde National park
The park is located along the Southern point of Lake Malombe South of Malawi with wildlife species fond of wandering around with stunning vegetation terrain that is so attractive to the eye. The park is also referred to as the Warm Heart of Africa which has enticed many travelers from allover the world to transfer to the destination so as to learn more about this National park. It is situated close to the commercial capital of Malawi called Blantyre with wildlife animals like the elephants, buffalo, zebras, hippos, water bucks, rhinos etc.
Rhino Tracking; the rhino sanctuary is fenced and situated a few kilometers within the park protecting the highly endangered black rhinos which are usually poached. With a guide from Mvuu Camp/ Mvuu Lodge you will transfer on a 3 hour hike to track and search for the rare rhinos on the 48 km2 reserve. There are other wildlife animals that can be seen here and these include; numerous Lichtenstein’s hartebeest, Cape buffalo, Burchell’s zebra, eland and roan antelope.
Cultural Encounters; these take place at the Njobvu Cultural Village which is located close to Liwonde NP’s Makanga Gate offering travelers a chance to stay and discover the traditional Malawian village where they will stay in ordinary mud-brick huts then later in the day, you will transfer to visit the traditional doctor, village school as well as taste local food which is called nsima. The experience is amazing and wonderful to all that take part in it.
Nyika National Park
Situated in North Malawi with the prominent Nyika Plateau covering almost the whole area approximately 480 km north of Lilongwe and 60 km north of Rumphi by road. At the top of the plateau is a spur which extends East to Chelinda with the park headquarters close to the center as well. The boundary is within 35 km of Livingstonia with no other entry through the Eastern gate. The top of the plateau is always cloudy both in the rainy season as well as the cold dry season when dense fogs fall in the morning as well as the entire day sometimes. The park consists of grasslands that are rich with wild flowers that are commonly seen during the months of January to April when rainfall is consistent. In order to enjoy safaris around the park, you must transfer with an experienced safari guide for it is easy to get lost as you walk through the thick vegetation terrain. There are numerous wildlife animals that stay in the thick vegetation terrain and these include the antelope, famous duicker, eland, roan, zebra, warthogs, leopards, bush pigs, porcupines, smaller cats, lions and elephants. There are about 400 different species of birds with the rare Denham’s bustard, wattled crane and red-winged francolin being among them. Other than wildlife there are also other attractions like waterfalls with the most prominent of all being the Chisanga Falls where the North Rukuru river falls off the plateau to Thalire District.
Also known as Lake Nyasa, the lake offers exceptional experiences to all kinds of travelers transferring to the beautiful small country of Malawi. The lake spans other countries like Mozambique and Tanzania with many different types of fish and cichlids that are many with in the waters. The lake is amazing for all kinds of travelers looking for an exceptional safari in Africa’s countries.
Lake Malawi National Park
The National Park is situated in the Southern most point of Lake Malawi which occupies almost a third of the entire country with Mountains in the back ground, the park inhabits lots of different fish species that can be discovered and explored while on vacation holiday in the small country of Malawi. It was specifically created to protect fish and numerous aquatic species as well as habitats. Other inhabitants of the park are the baboons, a vast boabab tree, graveyards of five early missionaries.