Lake Magadi is found in the southern part of the Kenyan Rift Valley lying in a catchment of faulted volcanic rocks, north of Tanzania’s Lake Natron. During the dry season, it is 80% covered by soda and is well known for its wading birds, including flamingos.
Lake Magadi is a saline alkaline lake and it is recharged mainly by saline hot springs that discharge into alkaline “lagoons” around the lake margins, there being little surface runoff in this arid region. Most hot springs lie along the northwestern and southern shorelines of the lake.
Lake Magadi is also well known for its extensive deposits of salt ores. Magadi township lies on the lake’s east shore and is home to the Magadi Soda factory owned by Tata India since December 2005. This factory produces soda ash which has a range of industrial uses.